Limon is a providence can be found in the eastern part of Costa Rica and runs 125 miles along the coast between the Panama and Nicaragua and bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Limon got its name from the Spanish word Limon which means lime or lemon, because there was a big lemon tree located in Limon city.
The capital of Limon is Puerto Limon. Limon is the location of Christopher Columbus’ landing in 1502 and where he coined the name of the country. The providence has a land area of just under 10,000 square kilometers and currently has a population of just under 400,000 people. The providence is also subdivided into six cantons, namely Guacimo, Limon, Matina, Pococi, Siquirres, and Talamanca.
The Limon coastline was the location where Christopher Columbus landed when he arrived at Costa Rica in 1502 and it was on seeing the coast that he called it Costa Rica. Columbus’ dealings with the indigenous people were fairly good and over the years the Spaniards dealings deteriorated. The whole country was colonised and the native peoples resisted continuously which in part slowed the pace at which the Spaniards were able to develop the country and Limon in particular.
This resistance coupled with many problems faced by the Spaniards with the forests and mountains of the interior of the country caused them to abandon establishing many settlements in the Limon area of the country. The Spaniards established a number of cacao farms in the province that were worked by both indigenous people and slaves brought in from Africa. These farms however never really contributed much to the country’s economy and its progression and after 150 years most of the farms were all gone.
In 1821 when Costa Rica became independent from Spain much of Limon was not really opened up and it remain so for another 45 years when a port was established at what is now Limon City. A railroad was also built to connect Limon with the rest of the country. Banana plantations were also developed on parts of the province and became the most prominent economic activity.
Located on the Caribbean side of what is known as the continental divide and rising up to 4000 meters above sea level Limon’s weather is greatly influenced by the warm air that flows over the waters by way of the northeast trade winds. The climate of the province is primarily tropical in nature and one where there is no true dry season and where less rain falls during the months of March to April and November and December. Areas that are low lying are generally warm and humid throughout the year and the highlands much cooler.
One of the major draws for many visitors to the Limon provinces is its many beaches. Many of the beaches here are littered with palm trees and fine yellow and white sand. The water is clear in many areas and beautiful to visit. This is what people think of when they dream of paradise and the Limon beaches gives visitors a bit of paradise.
Some of the most visited attractions in Limon include the Cahuita National Park. This park covers some 1000 hectares and also has close to 15 kilometres of beaches. It is also littered with coconut trees, mangroves, and thick forests. This is a great place to go exploring and see the vast flora and fauna of the province. Snorkelling and diving are very popular activities along the beaches.
The canals de Tortuguero located on the north shores of the Caribbean are another great site to see. They came about due to the dredging that occurred in the 1960’s to link some lagoons and river courses. Travel via the canals has made the Tortuguero National Park much more accessible to tourists and its scenic qualities have produced a great influx of visitors.
Another one of the more popular spots in Limon is the Kekoldi Indigenous Reserve. This is where you will find some of the country’s small indigenous population. A guided visit to this reserve can be set up and visitors will get to experience the native lifestyle and customs of the people. There are two indigenous groups that are represented there, the Bribri and the Cabecar and they are direct descendants of those who had lived in the region for over a thousand years. Visitors will also get to experience how these people have developed a more environmental way of life and live in harmony with nature. There are a number of restaurants located in the area many of which can be found in the provinces capital. These restaurants serve mostly Costa Rican dishes and many other Caribbean delights. Some restaurants also serve European dishes.
Manzanillo, Costa Rica is located approximately 6.5km south of Puerto Viejo. It ends the coast road nicely in fact. When you go beyond the coast road that leads to Manzanillo, you will only find plush jungle. Monkey Point can be accessed from Manzanillo by boat, and there are several boat tours that will lead you there.
The people of Manzanillo are tight knit. The community is small and the people are close to one another. The town itself is much smaller that that of Puerto Viejo, with the inhabitants numbering about half of those in Puerto Viejo. The culture is quite rich however and most of the people who live there are of Afro-Caribbean heritage.
Manzanillo is a place that has only recently become a tourist spot. Before recently, the town didn’t have a complete paved road, making it difficult for many tourists. However, with a paving project well underway and complete in many areas, tourists are finding it easier to access this beautiful place and are enjoying the environment greatly.
So, if you are looking for a place in Costa Rica that is a little less inhabited than other spots, Manzanillo is a great choice. You can enjoy diving in the great coral locations off of the beach or go exploring in the jungle-like landscape. In addition, if you love nature, you can take a drive past Manzanillo into the Gandoca Wildlife Reserve for a great adventure. You can follow trails around the reserve and check out the natural landscape and wildlife there. No matter what you choose to do, you can be sure that Manzanillo is a place you won’t soon forget.
The caribbean is a great region for those who want to experience the beauty of the tropics and the beautiful beaches.
Limon Costa Rica